What is Hemophilia?
Hemophilia is a bleeding problem which is caused due to genes mutation. People with hemophilia bleed longer than normal; which may be dangerous for life. Their blood does not have enough clotting factor. Clotting factor is a protein in blood that controls bleeding.
Hemophilia is quite rare. About 1 in 10,000 people are born with it.
Types of hemophilia
The most common type of hemophilia is called hemophilia A. This means the person does not have enough clotting factor VIII (factor eight).
Hemophilia B is less common. A person with hemophilia B does not have enough factor IX (factor nine). The result is the same for people with hemophilia A and B; that is, they bleed for a longer time than normal.
What causes hemophilia?
A defect in one of the genes that determines how the body makes blood clotting factor VIII or IX causes hemophilia. These genes are located on the X chromosomes. Females are the carriers but males are the sufferers.
How Hemophilia is diagnosed?
Hemophilia is diagnosed with blood tests to determine if clotting factors are missing or at low levels, and which ones are causing the problem. If you have a family history of hemophilia, it is important that your doctors know the carrier state of family members. One will probably be missing the same one.
If one knows he/she is a carrier of hemophilia, the testing for hemophilia in newborn usually occurs soon after birth. These tests can be run on blood obtained from the umbilical cord or drawn from the newborn’s vein. One may be advised to delay some procedures, such as circumcision, until after him/her learn whether his/her child has hemophilia.
Some families with a history of hemophilia may want to request prenatal testing, or can be diagnosed before giving birth. This testing can be done early in pregnancy, allowing your family to make informed decisions and preparations. If one is pregnant and think could be a carrier, or if have a child diagnosed with hemophilia and are expecting another child, it is important to tell your obstetrician.
For more details on Hemophilia; its symptoms and for prevention visit your doctor today.
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