We Can, I Can! Cancer is wide spreading; the stress associated doesn’t only engulf the patients but also the care takers.
Among various types of Cancer; Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women, and the second main cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer. Breast cancer is cancer that begins with the formation of a malignant tumor in the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into nearby tissues or spread to other areas of the body.
Advances in screening and treatment have improved survival rates dramatically. Awareness of the symptoms and the need for screening are important ways of reducing the risk.
Let’s, have a look on fast facts on breast cancer:
- Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women.
- Symptoms include a lump or thickening of the breast, and changes to the skin or the nipple.
- Risk factors can be genetic, but some lifestyle factors, such as alcohol intake, make it more likely to happen.
- A range of treatments are available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
- Many breast lumps are not cancerous, but any woman who is concerned about a lump or change should visit a doctor.
What are its symptoms?
The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the breast, or a lump in the breast or in an armpit.
Other symptoms include:
- a pain in the armpits or breast that does not change with the monthly cycle
- pitting or redness of the skin of the breast
- a rash around or on one of the nipples
- a discharge from a nipple, possibly containing blood
- a sunken or inverted nipple
- a change in the size or shape of the breast
- peeling, flaking, or scaling of the skin on the breast or nipple
Most lumps are not cancerous, but women should have them checked by a health care professional.
What are its risk factors?
The exact cause remains unclear, but some risk factors make it more likely. Some of these are preventable:
- A history of breast cancer or breast lumps
- Dense breast tissue
- Estrogen exposure and breast-feeding
- Body weight
- Alcohol consumption
- Radiation exposure
- Hormone treatments
- Occupational hazards
Breast cancer can also affect men, but it is less common in men than in women.
There are various Imaging tests which can help to prevent from breast cancer; they are:
- A mammogram is a type of x-ray commonly used for initial breast cancer screening. It produces images that can help detect any lumps or abnormalities. A suspicious result can be followed up by further diagnosis.
- An ultrasound scan can help differentiate between a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst.
- An MRI scan involves injecting a dye into the patient, to find out how far the cancer has spread.
Let’s pledge & join our hands to create awareness about the most preventable cancer-