Malaria is one of the most common mosquito born diseases in tropical countries like India. It is rampant in many states of India one of which is Rajasthan especially Western Rajasthan. Malaria is caused by infection of red blood cells with protozoan parasites of the genus PLASMODIUM inoculated into the human host by a feeding female anopheline mosquito.
The first symptoms of malaria are nonspecific and similar to those of a minor systemic viral illness. They comprise of headache, lassitude, fatigue, abdominal discomfort and muscle& joint ache, usually followed by fever with chills, perspiration, anorexia, vomiting and worsening malaise. In young children malaria may also present with lethargy, poor feeding and cough.
If untreated or if treatment is delayed, the parasite burden continues to increase and the patient may develop potentially lethal complications of malaria. Disease progression to severe malaria may take days but can occur within a few hours.
Malaria control requires an integrated approach, including prevention (primarily vector control) and prompt treatment with effective antimalarial agents.
What we can do to prevent malaria?
1) Protection from mosquito bite (wear full sleeve clothes, use mosquito nets, mosquito killer spray etc.).
2) Control breeding of mosquitos (pesticides spray, good hygiene, sanitation of water, prevents water accumulation for long as in water coolers and water tanks).
What to do if you suspect symptoms of malaria?
Consult to your doctor at the earliest. She/he will make a thorough physical examination of the child and after examination if he/she feels that there are probabilities of malaria he will order tests to confirm. Malaria is curable with antimalarial drugs if the treatment is started at an early stage.
Let’s pledge and invest in the Future; defeat Malaria.